The International conference on Mahabharatam held at Tirupati from 7th to 11th January 2014 – the proceedings (2)

The International conference on Mahabharatam held at Tirupati from 7th to 11th January 2014 – the proceedings (2)

 

Paper reading session - Telugu - Psychology seminar hall

Paper reading session – Telugu – Psychology seminar hall

The myth of International Conference: No foreign delegate was found anywhere, at any time of the proceedings of the Conference. As already mentioned that one name Nicolas de Jenne had been mentioned as a delegate from France but she did not turn up though one summary-paper was found in the souvenir[1]. On enquiry from the delegate of French Institute of Indology, Pondicherry, it was learned that she came to Pondicherry for some purpose and she left India in December 2013 itself. Therefore, the nature and position of “International status” was not there in the conduct of the conference. However, for “Mahabharatam”, it is not required, yet the delegates could not have done justice academically as discussed below.

 

Paper reading session - English - Senate hall

Paper reading session – English – Senate hall

The academic / paper-reading sessions: The first day / inaugural function details have been posted here. From 2.30 to 3.30 pm, a special lecture was arranged in which Prof S. A. R. P. V. Chatuvedi Swamy spoke again as usual as in the inaugural session. Now, the academic proceedings are discussed. As has been already mentioned, a Souvenir containing the abstracts of the papers was published and distributed to the delegates. It also contained the names, addresses, phone numbers, e-mail of the registered delegates. A booklet was also there containing the “Schedule of parallel session”. The paper reading sessions were listed as LXVII / 68 with the number of papers listed as follows:

 

Paper reading session - English - SVU Arts Block Auditorium

Paper reading session – English – SVU Arts Block Auditorium

Sl. No Language in which the papers submitted No. of papers listed
1 English

102

2 Sanskrit

175

3 Telugu

142

Total

419

 

Paper reading session - English - SVU Arts Block Auditorium

Paper reading session – English – Senate Hall

It was reported that more than 500 delegates registered themselves with the Conference, but ironically in the paper-reading sessions, hardly 20-30 delegates were seen on the first day. From the second day onwards, the strength dwindled down to 3-4 delegates at each session, where they happened to be paper-presenters only. In other words, the last paper-presenter was left with the sectional president only. Incidentally, the paper-presenters had been lecturers, Assistant Professors, professors, readers etc., but they too did not have the patience of sitting and listening to others, but preset papers and walk out of the halls. The sessions were held in different halls as follows:

 

Paper reading session - English - Senate Hall

Paper reading session – English – Senate Hall

  1. SUV Senate Hall (Administrative building)
  2. ORI building (Tirupanalwar Bhawan).
  3. SVU Arts block Auditorium (Vamana Rao Bhawan).
  4. Psychology Seminar Hall.

 

Paper reading session - English - English department class room

Paper reading session – English – English department class room

While the first has been little bit away from the ORI, the other three have been nearby. They were held at the following timings:

  • 9.30 to 11.00 am;
  • 11.00 to 11.30 – Tea break;
  • 11.30 to 1.00 pm;
  • 1.00 to 2.00 pm – lunch;
  • 2.00 to 3.30 pm;
  • 3.30 to 4.00 pm – tea break;
  • 4.00 to 5.30 pm.

 

Paper reading session - English - English department class room

Paper reading session – English – English department class room

Cultural programmes:  On the first day (07-01-2014) “Sangita Geyadhara” Vocal Karnatic programme was held from 7.00 to 8.00 pm. Sri Sai Krishna Yachendra, Maharaja of Venkatagiri sang according to the words and expressions proposed by others in the context of Mahabharat, and connected epic characters etc. The Second day evening (08-01-2014), Sri Sathyanarayana demonsrated his painting skills according to the suggestive descriptions given orally and through singing. He could draw the drawings, sketches within minutes depicting the suggestions given by the audience.

Sri Sathyanarayana demonsrated his painting skills according to the suggestive descriptions given orally and through singing

Sri Sathyanarayana demonsrated his painting skills according to the suggestive descriptions given orally and through singing

It was followed by Sri Muni Raju’s Yoga demonstration. He also responded to the querries raised by the audience about Yoga. Third day (09-01-2014), some Bharatanatyam programme was organized, but as only four persons were there on the audience side, it was cancelled. The artists who came there to perform went away with disappointment. Actually, there was communication gap between the organizers and the delegates and the latter too had been very indifferent in attending the conference.

 

Sri Sai Krishna Yachendra, Maharaja of Venkatagiri sang according to the words and expressions proposed by others in the context of Mahabharat

Sri Sai Krishna Yachendra, Maharaja of Venkatagiri sang according to the words and expressions proposed by others in the context of Mahabharat

The number of delegates: Though the strength of the registered delegates increased to more than 500 on the fourth day, the attending delegates had been 50-100 only. 170 registered from Rastriya Sanskrit Vidhyapeeth, Tirupati, but, they did not attend the sessions. The organizers were seen questioning them about their nature of not-attending the sessions. Another reason attributed to the sudden surge of the local delegate registration had been due to the attraction of the credit marks obtained.  As some marks were given for the M.Phil / Ph.D students, they registered, presented papers, got certificate and went away. Thus, it is evident that they attended the Conference just for the sake of getting certificates only.

 

Srinivasam Hall where inuagural and cultural programmes were held

Srinivasam Hall where inuagural and cultural programmes were held

Srinivasam Hall

Sri Srinivasam Hall - full view

Sri Srinivasam Hall – full view

Standard of the papers presented: A careful reading of the summaries of papers contained in the Souvenir showed that many papers had been of the nature of repetitive, delving upon the same subject-matter and uninteresting. Even the titles of the papers had been same, similar and identical too. For example – the encyclopedic nature of Mahabharata, Science in Mahabharata, ethics and moral values in Mahabharata etc., In the English session, under the guise of joint papers, “in absentia” type presentation was allowed and it is not correct. In fact, in one session, a paper was read by a student, while the author did not attend the conference. The editor of the Souvenir did not take care to scrutinize, but simply taken them up for printing accommodating everything. In fact, on p.no.101, there were 7 names listed, but their titles missing / not appearing, obviously, they did not sent or their names listed, because they happened to be VIPs, e.g,  – the Liasion officer of Southern Railways, Managing Director of BASIL, Bangalore.

 

Senate Hall - here English sessions held

Senate Hall – here English sessions held

Suggested Topics for Presenting Papers: In the brochure, the following topics were suggested for paper preparation and presentation:

 

Paper presenting session - English - Senate Hall

Paper presenting session – English – Senate Hall

THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SRIMAD MAHABHARATA

(Some of the Suggested Topics for Presenting Papers)

 

Paper presenting session - English - Senate Hall

Paper presenting session – English – Senate Hall

TEXTUAL STUDIES

 

Paper presenting session - English - Senate Hall

Paper presenting session – English – Senate Hall

1. The Uniqueness of Mahabharata and its Widest Popularity as an Indian Epic.

2. The Connotation of the word “ITIHASA” and its justification in the context of

Mahabharata.

3. Why the Mahabharata has been called as “PANCAMSVEDA”?

4. The concept of “UPABRMHANS” and the Mahabharata Itihasa.

5. The disciples of Vyasa – PAILA, SUMANTA, JAIMINI AND VAISAMPAYANA –

their contribution for the growth of the corpus of Mahabharata text.

6. As an epic writer Vyasa his Unique Personality and a multi – faceted genius.

7. Bharatadesa and Mahabharata became synonymous its mutual identification with the

heart of the epic.

8. The Vaisampayana version of Mahabharata, the Corpus of the text as it is available

today and its validity.

9. Jaimini Bharata text and its relevance with that of Vaisampayana version.

10. An Encyclopedic character of Mahabharata – A Study.

11. The Critical Edition of Mahabharata of B.O.R.I., PUNE, – Methodology followed in

the Critical Edition – Corpus of the critically edited text – An assessment.

12. The prolegomena of the Critical Edition of Adiparva of Prof. V.S. SUKTHANKAR –

his major contribution towards the Indian Textual Criticism.

 

13. UR – MAHABHARATA – ‘JAYA’ – Redection of the text of 1,25,000 Slokas and

8800 slokas – The Critesice of principles followed in redection.

14. The growth of the text of Mahabharata – JAYA – BHARATA – MAHABHARATA –

whether the historical necessity or the narrative techniques or both, that promoted for

the growth – Justification.

15. Whether the interpolation theory is valid and accepted with present day Indological

research in the textual criticism of an epic like Mahabharata and the Ramayana?

16. The Contribution of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune towards the

Ancley of Mahabharata.

17. Different Critical Edition of MBH before the BORI Critical Edition and its solvent

features.

18. Index of the Names in Mahabharata by N. SORENSEN – A Study.

 

SCHOLARS ON MAHABHARATA – INDIA AND ABROAD

1. Mahamahopadhyaya Dr. P.V KANE, on the Indian Epics especially on Mahabharata.

2. Sri Aurobindo on vyasa on Mahashavak.

3. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan on Mahashavak.

4. Dr.S.N. Das Gupta on Mahashavak.

5. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy on Mahashavak.

6. Prof. V.S. Sukthankar on the Meaning of Mahabharata.

7. Prof. V.S. Agarvala on the Mahabharata.

8. Mm. Gopinath Kaviraj on Mahabharata.

9. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa on Bharathadesa and Mahabharatha.

10. Swami Vivekananda on Mahabharatha.

11. Mahatma Gandhi on the Mahabharata.

12. Swami Ranganatha Nanda on the Mahabharata.

13. Bhagawan Sri Satya Saibaba on Mahabharata.

14. Prof. Kapila Vatsayana on Mahabharata.

15. Prof. Satyavrat Sastri on Mahabharata.

16. Prof. R.N. Damodar on Mahabharata.

17. Prof. V. Raghavan on Mahabharata.

18. Critical Edition of BORI Mahabharata Edition, Pune.

 

WESTERN SCHOLARS ON MAHABHARATA

19. F. Max Miller on Mahabharata.

20. Sir William Joules on Mahabharata.

21. Wintexnotoz on Mahabharata.

22. H.G. Wells on Mahabharata.

23. A.B.Keith on Mahabharata.

24. Edwin Arnold on Mahabharata.

25. Mower Williams on Mahabharata.

26. A.K. Warder on Mahabharata.

27. David Frowley (pt. Vamadeva Sastri) on Mahabharata.

28. Arthor Aralon on Mahabharata.

 

HISTORICAL STUDIES

1. Sri krishna as depicated in Mahabharata – An assessment of his personality.

2. Historicity of Sri Krishna on the basis of the text of Mahabharata.

3. The recent Marine Archarolopice evidences of the “Lost City of Dwaraka” with

special reference to Bhagavatam and Mahabharata.

4. Historical Date and genealogies of kings in Mahabharata.

5. Assronomical date as evidenced by Mahabharata.

6. Cultural life on revealed in Mahabharata.

7. The date of Mahabharata war based on Astronomical date and different View points.

8. Flora and Fauna in the Mahabharata

9. The Mahabharata War fare – different Vyuhas and their inner meanings

10. Weapons used in the Mahabharata

11. Arts and Architectural Techniques and skills in Mahabharata

12. Ethics and Moral values in Mahabharata

13. Purusharthas and Mahabharata – An indepth study of the problem of Mahabharata

14. Political Ideas as depicted in Mahabharata

15. Politics v/s Ethics in the Mahabharata

16. Educational System in the Mahabharata Period

17. Fine Arts as described in Mahabharata

18. Paintings, Mural Art on Mahabharata Theme in Royal Palaces, Temple and Mutts in

India

19. Sculptures on Mahabharata Theme especially Kiratarjuniya Sculptures and its

significance.

20. History and Religious Ideas as dealt in the Mahabharata – ie., the orgin and

development of Vasudeva, Sattvata, Bhagavata and Pancaratra Cults emerged during

Mahabharata period.

 

COMMENTARIES ON MAHABHARATA

1. Nelakantha Bhasya on Mahabharata and its Unique place.

2. Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya of Ananda Tirtha according to Madhva Philosophy

3. Uttara Gita Vyakhya of Goudapadacharya

 

STUDIES IN ETHICS & MORALS IN MAHABHARATA

1. Contextual wise – sayings of Vyasa in the Mahabharata

2. Vidura Niti of Mahabharata

3. Kanika Niti of Mahabharata

4. Dhaumya Niti of Mahabharata

5. Yakshaprasna of Mahabharata

6. Stutis & Stotras in Mahabharata

7. Bhismastava Raja of Mahabharata

8. Sanatsujatiya of Mahabharata

9. Spiritual sayings in Bhagavad Gita

10. Human Values in Mahabharata

11. Values of Righteousness (Dharmica) in Mahabharata

12. Philosophical sayings in Mahabharata

13. Arthavadas in Mahabharata

 

MAHABHARATA AND BHAGAVAD GITA

1. Bhagavad Gita as an essence of Mahabharata – ie., as a nucleus of an itihasa and its

central philosophy of life.

2. Among the 18 chapters of Bhagavad Gita, which yoga is held supreme in the context

of Mahabharata

3. Balagangadara Tilak on his Gitarahasya commentary of Bhagavad Gita who

advocated Karma yoga as the supreme message of Gita during the Indian

Independence Movement.

4. Adisankara and Gitabashya – A Study.

5. Srimad Ramanuja and Bhagavadgita – A study.

6. Mula granda of Ananda tertha on Bhagavadgita.

7. Nimbarka, Vallabha and Chaitanya on Bhagavadgita.

8. Sri Arabindo on Mahabharata.

9. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa on Bhagavadgita.

10. Swami Vivekananda on Bhagavadgita.

11. Bakthi Vedanta Swami prabhupada on Bhagavadgita.

12. AbhinavaGuptas Commentry on Bhagavadgita called as “Gitartha Sangraha” – A

Study.

13. Prof. S.K. Belvalkars critical edition of Bhagavadgita.

14. Different Schools of Phylosophy on Bhagavadgita.

15. Edvin Arnold on Bhagavadgita – “The Light of Asia”.

16. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan’s translation of Bhagavadgita and Gitartha in his own words.

17. Mr. P.V. Kane on Bhagavadgita

18. DR. S.N. Dasgupta on Bhagavadgita

19. Dr. V.S. Agarwal on Bhagavadgita

20. Dr. Anand K commentary on Bhagavadgita

21. Uttaragita and its significance with that of Bhagavadgita

22. Uttaragita and its different commentaries

 

SYMBOLICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES ON MAHABHARATA

1. Dream Psychology in Mahabharata – (or) Analysis of different dreams in

Mahabharata

2. Kriya and Duryodhana – is it a dream or symbolical study of the Psychology of

Duryodhana?

3. Symbolical study of Mahabharata

4. Psychological studies in the characterization of certain characters in Mahabharata –

Ex : Sanskrit, Duryodhana, Karna, Drona, Dharmaraja and Draupadi etc.

5. Psychology v/s Human Behaviour (Pourusha) as depicted in the Mahabharata

character.

 

JUDICIAL SYSTEM AND PROCEDURE IN MAHABHARATA

1. Judicial system and Justice in Mahabharata

2. Crime and punishment in Mahabharata

3. The origin of crime in the itihasa of Mahabharata

4. Pastimes in Mahabharata i.e., Dicing, gambling etc.

5. Dharmasastra and Mahabharata

6. Arthasastra and Mahabharata

7. and Mahabharata

8. Is Balarama a green revolunist? i.e., “Nadimatrika Vyavasaya” is the constitution of

Balarama.

 

LITERARY STUDIES AND ALANKARASASTRA

1. Upkhyana in Mahabharata

2. The Narrative Technique of story telling in Mahabharata

3. Anandavardhana’s Dhuvyaloka in Mahabharata and Abhinavagupta locana on it.

4. Whether the primary sentiment of Mahabharata is santarasa substitute the major

sentiment.

5. Who is the real hero of Mahabharata of Vyasa? Whether Srikrishna or Dharmaraja

Elucidate the viewpoint

6. Different types of Upakhyana’s in Mahabharata

7. Characterization in Mahabharata – Different characters major and minor characters.

 

In fact, the person (s), who prepared the suggested topics had applied his / their mind(s) in deep in selecting the titles, but the paper-presenters had not taken efforts to select different topics, instead, they had chosen to confide the repeated topics. The papers concerning “Historical studies” were found only few.

 

Most of the paper-presenters in spite of their status as lecturer, guest lecturer, Academic counselor, Assistant Professor, Professor, or research scholar, research officer, or B.A, M.A, M.Phil, Ph.D students or Sanskrit / Telugu teacher etc., had not bother to sit, attend and participate in the sessions. They came, presented papers got certificates and went away and they were not seen again. Ironically, some came in batch / group of 3-5 and did the same, of course duly taking photographs.

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao with Venkata Ramana Reddy

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao with Venkata Ramana Reddy


[1] Nicolas de Jenne, The Contribution of French Indologist Smt Madeleine Biardeau (1922-2010) to Mahabharata studies, p.19

10 Responses

  1. dhanyosmi

  2. […] The International conference on Mahabharatam held at Tirupati from 7th to 11th January 2014 – the … […]

  3. Not only here, in most of the conferences, the paper readers present their paper and walk out.

    This has been the attitude of them.

    At least here, some of them were sitting.

    In one of the photos above, I could see one professor / researcher was sleeping or in deep thought, because of the discourse made or he was so tired!

  4. Ramakrishana Rao garu first of all I am congratulating you for giving accurte details you are posted here. I feel unhappy that the one of the great speakers came late and not even followed the sabha marayadha to greet Swami Jayedra Saraswathi he never turned to that side after completion of his loudly speech he was leaving the stage, was it the manner he was fallowing when kanchi swami stoped and presented a shall to him that was the gentleness of kanchipeeatam and they are the real followers of Hindu religion without shaiva vaishnava feeling due to the swamiji arrival the innaugaral function got a glory good blessings. This sweet message was to follow every parents.

    On third day large number of deligates went to tirumala swami to have darshn in the sessions, the organisers virtually searched for paper presenters and also clubbed sanskrit session in English sessions due to lack of strength.

    I feel very unhappy regarding non-attendance of cultural programme during the international conference

    Dr. VEEPURI

    • Thank you for your comments.

      My anxiety has been about the quality and standards of the conference to be maintained so that the academically interested delegates, researchers and students are benefited by getting enough opportunity and as well as listen to others.

  5. Dear sir,
    My grandfather had written a paper Fr this conference. Unfortunately just before the conference his sister fell ill and passed away in February. He is very keen on receiving the souvenir and has not got it. If it would not be a burden could u pls give me a link to the online souvenir or the contact details of whoever is in charge of the souvenir.

    Thanking you
    Tanisha

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